Before we begin this commentary on ward-rounds, a brief overview on what makes learning more effective is appropriate. How do students learn? Firstly, there is surface or superficial learning which concentrates on learning the words for short-term memory whereas deep learning implies a comprehension of what the teacher wants to say or a process of making sense by delving into the ideas behind the words. Deep learning focusses on creating meaning and critical thinking, and it has its underpinning on a scientific principle of distinguishing, using deductive reasoning, the general from the particular and of applying concepts and methods to solving a previously un-encountered problem (1). It prepares one to deal with uncertainty, an attribute of a ‘good doctor’.