This article describes the incidence of cases, demographics, clinical presentation, diagnostic methods and outcomes of cases of Tuberculosis at Princess Margaret Hospital, Nassau, The Bahamas between 2014–2016.
AT Eminler, M Karkucak, S Gurel, T Ayyildiz, T Gulten, K Irak, T Yakut
In this study, Mannose-Binding Lectin 2 (MBL2) gene polymorphism were investigated in patients with viral Hepatitis B and C. No significant differences in allele frequencies for any polymorphism were observed between patients and controls.
This is the first report of the University of the West Indies (UWI) breast cancer immunohistochemistry (IHC) receptor database in which we present the results of tests performed during the six year period following its establishment in 2002, and investigate the associations between receptor profile and patient age, tumour grade and stage.
MN Aldemir, M Turkeli, M Simsek, N Yildirim, M Bilici, C Dogan, SB Tekin
In metastatic gastric cancer (MGC), the goals of treatment are palliation and prolongation of overall survival. Systemic chemotherapy, with docetaxel, cisplatin, infusional 5-fluorouracil (DCF) are a commonly used regimen in MGC as first line chemotherapy with a low tolerability rate due to its toxicity. We evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of weekly DCF compared to standard DCF regimen.
R Kurup, C Boston, R Ramdial, T Stuart, S Lewis-Isles
In this study, high prevalence of elevated Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and Gamma-glutamyl Transferase (GGT) in type 2 diabetic patients showed a strong association with metformin use and ethnicity, particular those of Indian decent. Family history showed a greater of high ALT followed by current illness.
B Demir, D Cicek, S Dertlioglu, S Aydin, H Uçak, C Ergin, I Erden
We detected higher serum ghrelin levels in the patients with chronic urticaria and atopic dermatitis than the controls. We think that the high levels of serum ghrelin in the patients with chronic urticaria and atopic dermatitis may be related to the other mechanisms.
DS Braham, MO Mills, MG Lee, EF Brown, G Gordon-Strachan
This study showed that the prevalence of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) symptoms in Jamaican subjects within the previous year was 71.1%. Weekly symptoms were present in 18.6% with moderate or greater severity in 11.7%. The most common and bothersome symptom was heartburn. Nocturnal symptoms occurred in 17.8%. In persons with GERD symptoms, 24.2% (P= 0.000) saw a doctor and 38.6% took medication (p<0.0001).
Obesity is associated with several medical conditions and leads to a reduced quality of life and increased risks of morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of obesity among adult surgical patients in Tobago is high with females having a significantly higher percentage than males.
In this study, we aimed to review the surgical outcomes of primary mediastinal cysts and to determine the differences among various histopathological types. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 41 patients with primary mediastinal cysts who underwent surgical excision. We found that despite advanced non-invasive diagnostic techniques, the definitive diagnosis of primary mediastinal cysts can only be made by interventional techniques. Surgery often provides curative therapy with low morbidity and mortality.
This study showed that the incidence of catheterrelated bladder discomfort (CRBD) was 82.3% at day 1 in patients undergoing transurethral bladder tumour resection (TURB) and reduced to 23.2% at day 3. Being male, and aged < 65 years, were identified as independent factors associated with moderate or severe CRBD.
YF Zhao, QH Chang, L Han, FL Chu, B Wu, DL Jia, HB Wang, CY Meng, DX Zhang, YM Zha, FH Zhu
In this study, an additional locking plate and the derived Poller screw technique effectively improved local rotation instability and is an effective and simple treatment method for femoral
non-union after intramedullary nailing.
F Baratta, R Cajuste, PH Saint Jean, E Ambreck, P Brusa
In the A.P.P.A.® galenic lab in Haiti, given the low availability of paediatric medicines, it was necessary to study and then introduce several specific galenic formulas. Preparation’s quality and stability have been demonstrated in accordance with the current regulation.
Leptin and endothelin (ET), as important endogenous factors, interact with each other which may contribute to a better understanding of their role in diabetic pathogenesis. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between leptin and ET by investigating the influence of BQ-123, an ET-A receptor (ETAR) antagonist, on leptin levels in rats with diabetes induced by streptozotocin (STZ). In this study, 24 male, Wistar-albino rats were divided into three groups: Control, STZ, STZ + BQ-123 groups. BQ-123 relatively reduced oxidative stress and leptin levels. ETAR antagonist BQ-123 has positive impacts, depending on the dosage in the diabetic rats.
BS Bagatela, AP Lopes, FL Affonso Fonseca, S Morton, J Gu, FF Perazzo
KollaGen II-xsTM is a dietary supplement that may be beneficial for patients suffering from degenerative joint diseases. The present single-centre clinical trial investigated the safety and efficacy of this new avian sternal collagen type II hydrolysate.
The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical and demographical features of the recurrent youth suicide attempts and identify the possible risk factors. The most diagnosed psychiatric disorder in the cases of the recurrent suicide attempts and the first time suicide attempts was depression (49.1% and 8.6%, respectively).
This paper proposes a dialysis allocation system incorporating the ethical principles of prognosis, saving the most lives, younger age prioritization and random selection weighted by waiting time. This system should result in fair and equitable access to dialysis in developing countries.