Objectives: The development of minimally invasive techniques for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and the establishment of specialized centres have resulted in improved patient outcomes. This study examines open AAA repair at a non-specialized centre where advanced techniques are not practised.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis on a cohort of 83 patients presenting for AAA repair to a non-specialized hospital, the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI). The end points assessed included operative (30-day) mortality, postoperative complications, duration of operation, blood loss, intensive care unit (ICU) stay and overall hospital stay.
Results: The overall operative mortality was 9.4% (23% for ruptured aneurysms and 5% for unruptured aneurysms). Mean operating time, blood loss, ICU stay and hospital stay were 326 ± 98 minutes, 2420 ± 1397 mls, 3 ± 5 days and 9 ± 5 days, respectively with no significant differences noted between ruptured and unruptured aneurysms. Mean aneurysm diameter was 6.13 ± 1.59 cm.
Conclusion: Mortality rates for open aneurysm repair at the UHWI are consistent with findings in the current literature. Open AAA repair remains a safe treatment option in this environment. Continued improvements need to be made with respect to minimizing blood loss and operation duration, particularly in repairs of unruptured aneurysms.