Objective: The objective of this study is to determine the indications, success, and complications of operative hysteroscopy performed at The University of the West Indies (UWI).
Methods: A five-year retrospective cohort study was done of women undergoing operative hysteroscopy at the Hugh Wynter Fertility Management Unit (HWFMU) of the University of the West Indies from January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2005. The demographics of the patients, indications, complications of the procedure and postoperative follow-up were assessed. Patient’s post-procedural quality of life was assessed by a questionnaire.
Results: During this period, 92 operative hysteroscopies were performed on 87 patients, with repeat procedures being performed in three patients. The mean age of patients undergoing operative hysteroscopy was 36.65 years with a range of 23 to 50 years. The main indications for operative hysteroscopy at the HWFMU were submucosal fibroids (50%), intrauterine synechiae (26%) and removal of an intrauterine contraceptive device (11%). There were four procedure-related complications, all of which occurred during myomectomy and required hospitalization.
Conclusion: Operative hysteroscopy is a safe and highly effective therapy for carefully selected women. As a consequence of technological advancements, an increasing number of gynaecological conditions, traditionally treated by laparotomy, can now be treated safely and effectively using outpatient operative hysteroscopy.