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The Epidemiology of End Stage Renal Disease at a Centre in Trinidad



Objective: The aim of this study is to estimate the trends in prevalence of end stage renal disease (ESRD) during the period 1999−2007 at one site in Trinidad, the Eric Williams Medical Sciences Complex (EWMSC), and to describe the epidemiological features, age, gender, ethnicity and comorbidities associated with ESRD.

Design and Methods: A retrospective cohort study design was used. There was a count of patients on haemodialysis at the EWMSC centre from 1999 – 2007 in order to demonstrate trends in prevalence but more detailed data were collected and analysed for patients with ESRD attending the nephrology clinic between January 2002 and December 2007. The data that were collected from the patients’ records included: demographic data (age, gender and ethnicity), medical history (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, end stage renal disease and autoimmune disorders), history of dialysis (type of vascular access, frequency of dialysis), mortality and its cause.

Results: Records of 81 patients were retrieved. Their age range was 10−79 years. The survey showed that patients most affected in the study population were: males, aged 50−59 years, who were hypertensive and/or diabetic and of African descent.

Conclusions: In conclusion, we provide epidemiological evidence of ESRD and the associated contributing factors at one hospital in Trinidad.

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e-Published: 05 Feb, 2014
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