This retrospective, descriptive study reviewed the patient profile, disease spectrum, indications for and results of treatment and complications of all 27 patients who had neuroendoscopy at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) over the three-year period between November 2000, when the service was first introduced, and November 2003. Nineteen (67.9%) were males and eight were females. Their mean age was 27.5 ± 21.4 years with a range of four months to 70 years. Of the entire group, 20 had hydrocephalus with raised intracranial pressure, of which 15 had endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for the treatment of obstructive hydrocephalus, using two different techniques for ventricular floor fenestration. There was no demonstrable difference in outcome between the water jet and blunt forceps techniques. Three procedures failed to relieve the hydrocephalus, requiring subsequent ventriculo-peritoneal shunts. Three patients had successful cyst fenestrations. Six patients had endoscope assisted trans-sphenoidal resection for pituitary tumours. There were five complications and no deaths. Mean hospital stay was 18.4 ± 16.7 days and mean follow-up was 29 weeks. There were no late failures. Neuroendoscopy is the treatment of choice for obstructive hydrocephalus due to aqueduct stenosis or posterior fossa tumours and has the advantage of avoiding shunt related complications. It is safe and effective for the majority of patients and has a significant role in the management of neurosurgical patients in the Caribbean.