Objective: The aim of the current study was to study the application effects of axillary vein catheterization (AVC) in the clinical nursing.
Methods: A retrospective analysis was carried out towards the detailed information of children that were performed AVC, and the related situations of scalp vein catheterization (SVC) and AVC were compared.
Results: The birth weight, gestational age, gender ratio, age when catheterized, catheterization duration and liquid infusion time had no statistically significant difference; the rate of catheter ectopia, phlebitis and leaking of SVC were significantly higher than those of AVC, and the differences were statistically significant.
Conclusions: AVC was safe and effective towards the neonates, especially in the rescue and care of critically ill newborns, the axillary vein catheter infusion was safe and had fewer complications, which could reduce the pain caused by the repeated puncture, improve the nurses' work efficiency, and ensure safe and timely infusion of intravenous nutrition fluid, so it could be used as the preferred choice for the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) neonatal intravenous remaining, thus it was worthy of the neonatal clinical application.
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