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A Simple and Effective Treatment Alternative in an Idiopathic Gingival Enlargement Case

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Idiopathic gingival fibromatosis is a rare condition characterized by enlargement of the gingival tissues, causing aesthetic and functional problems. The condition is caused by various factors including inflammation, neoplasia, or heredity. A 55-year-old male patient, with no previous history of drug use or family history of gingival fibromatosis, presented with a slow-growing tissue in both the maxillary and mandibular anterior-lingual sites. After the clinical examination and taking the patient’s medical history, the enlarged tissue was removed with a Nd:YAG Laser surgery procedure. Tissue samples were evaluated histopathologically, revealing squamous epithelium with underlying fibrous connective tissue and inflammatory cell infiltration in the epithelium. Through clinical and histopathological analysis, the case was diagnosed as idiopathic gingival fibromatosis. Moreover, the patient was followed for 3 months and no recurrence was observed in the surgical areas. The Nd: YAG laser surgery also seemed very practical and effective.

27 Apr, 2015
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e-Published: 05 Nov, 2015


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