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Exercise Behaviour in Patients with Chronic Diseases

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Objective: This study was aimed at identifying the stages of exercise behaviour changes experienced by patients with chronic illnesses and the relationship with their exercise self-efficacy.

Method: The patients attending the Medical clinics at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI), Jamaica, with chronic illnesses were studied. The data were collected using three questionnaires.

Result: There were 75 females and 25 males. Fifty-one per cent of the patients were in the contemplation stage of exercise behaviour changes and 29% in the maintenance stage. The majority (61%) were non-adopters and 39% were adopters (action and maintenance) with 37% of the females adopters compared to 44% of the males. The mean self-efficacy scores of subjects in stages four and five were significantly higher than those in stage two (contemplation). The highest level of adopters was in the 18 to 30-year age group. In the patients with one chronic condition, there were 55% non-adapters among the patients with one chronic condition compared to 71% of those with more than one condition.

Conclusion: Most patients with chronic disorders were in the contemplation stage and their self-efficacy scores were greater for those in the action and maintenance stages. Health practitioners need to increase the efforts to encourage physical activities particularly in the earlystages of behaviour changes.

18 May, 2015
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e-Published: 11 Nov, 2015
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