Tracheobronchial amyloidosis is often misdiagnosed as a chronic airway disease in relation to the symptoms of a chronic cough and dyspnoea. Here, we present a case of a patient admitted to the emergency department with a severe cough and stomachache and diagnosed with rectus abdominis muscle haematoma due to the chronic cough. The patient had a history of asthma and no clinical improvement despite the use of inhaled drugs for nearly five years. He was diagnosed with tracheobronchial amyloidosis after bronchoscopic and histopathologic evaluation. The case was a reminder of tracheal pathologies in the differential diagnosis of chronic cough and emphasised the importance of bronchoscopic evaluation.
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