Close Menu

Risk of Postpartum Depression in the Early Postnatal Period

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.033

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Postpartum depression is an important health problem because of its negative impact on the family. The objective of this study was to ascertain the risk of depression in new mothers who had recently given birth in public university hospitals in Granada and to identify the factors that most contributed to the onset of postpartum depression.

Materials and method: A descriptive study was made of a sample population of 370 new mothers, 18-46 years of age, who had given birth from January to May 2013. The subjects filled out the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), a 10-item self-report scale. The women were also given a questionnaire that elicited sociodemographic and obstetric data. The EPDS cut-off score used was 10/11.

Results:The average EPDS score obtained was 6.12 with an interval of 0-25. Our results showed that 15.13% of the women in the study had scores equal of 11 or higher. Risk of postpartum depression had a statistically significant correlation with weeks of pregnancy (p=0.031), onset of labour (p=0.000), type of delivery (p=0.029), and reasons for not having epidural anaesthesia (p=0.038). It also had a significant positive correlation with the subject’s obstetric history. 

Conclusions: The majority of the women in the sample population had scores that did not exceed the risk threshold score identified in the study. As reflected in our results, the risk factors for postpartum depression were onset of labour, type of delivery, reasons for not having epidural anaesthesia, and parity.

 

Accepted: 
22 Apr, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
e-Published: 28 Apr, 2016

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Top of Page