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Impact of Rehabilitation on Pulmonary Infection Risk Factors in Patients with Acute Cerebral Infarction

Journal Authors: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.530

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Investigate rehabilitation intervention on pulmonary infection risk factors in patients with acute cerebral infarction and provide an objective foundation for clinical treatment.

Methods: A retrospective survey method was used to access acute cerebral infarction patients. There were 1,490 patients in the intervention group who underwent rehabilitation intervention in our Department of Neurology and 280 patients in the control group. In each group, patients were further divided into infected and non-infected subgroups, based on the occurrence of pulmonary infection, and a comparative analysis of pulmonary infection risk factors was performed.

Results: In the intervention group, 151 patients had pulmonary infection and the infection rate was 10.1%. In the control group, 40 patients had pulmonary infection with an infection rate of 14.3%. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Risk factors such as hyperlipidemia, COPD, a history of coronary heart disease, dysphagia and hypoalbuminemia were analyzed and compared within each group between infected and uninfected.

Conclusions: The occurrence of pulmonary infection in acute cerebral infarction patients was closely related to the presence of hyperlipidemia, COPD, hypoalbuminemia, coronary heart disease and dysphagia. Rehabilitation intervention can reduce these risk factors.

Revised: 
03 Jan, 2017
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e-Published: 30 Jan, 2017

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