Objectives: Investigate rehabilitation intervention on pulmonary infection risk factors in patients with acute cerebral infarction and provide an objective foundation for clinical treatment.
Methods: A retrospective survey method was used to access acute cerebral infarction patients. There were 1,490 patients in the intervention group who underwent rehabilitation intervention in our Department of Neurology and 280 patients in the control group. In each group, patients were further divided into infected and non-infected subgroups, based on the occurrence of pulmonary infection, and a comparative analysis of pulmonary infection risk factors was performed.
Results: In the intervention group, 151 patients had pulmonary infection and the infection rate was 10.1%. In the control group, 40 patients had pulmonary infection with an infection rate of 14.3%. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Risk factors such as hyperlipidemia, COPD, a history of coronary heart disease, dysphagia and hypoalbuminemia were analyzed and compared within each group between infected and uninfected.
Conclusions: The occurrence of pulmonary infection in acute cerebral infarction patients was closely related to the presence of hyperlipidemia, COPD, hypoalbuminemia, coronary heart disease and dysphagia. Rehabilitation intervention can reduce these risk factors.
Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.