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Clinicopathologic Profile of Gastric Carcinomas at the University Hospital of the West Indies



The objective of this study was to examine the clinicopathologic features of gastric cancer seen at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) and to compare the findings with other studies. A retrospective study was conducted using data obtained from the surgical pathology reports of all gastrectomies and gastric biopsies during the period January 1993 and December 2002. Additional cases were identified from the Department of Surgery’s audit database. Demographic, clinical and pathological features were analyzed. Two hundred and sixteen patients were identified, 126 males and 90 females. One hundred and thirty-six underwent biopsy procedures but no definitive surgery aimed at cancer eradication, while 70 had gastrectomy. The peak age prevalence in both males and females was the 70–79-year age group. While the antrum was the commonest site, there was an overall increase in tumours of the gastro-oesophageal junction and tumours of the entire stomach in the latter five–year period of the review especially in the 50–59-year age group. Epigastric pain and constitutional symptoms were the common presenting features, and the most common gross tumour characteristic was an ulcerating mass, while histologically, the intestinal variety was most common. Lymph node metastases were common. Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) were present in 16.7% while chronic multifocal atrophic gastritis was present in 40%. This study indicates that the gastric cancer pattern is typical of developing countries. However, the low prevalence of H pylori in the resected specimens may indicate the importance of other risk factors for gastric cancer development in this population. This warrants further study.

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e-Published: 06 Jun, 2013
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