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Assessing for Risk of Chronic Kidney Disease in the Jamaican Community of North West St Ann

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.239

ABSTRACT

Background: Worldwide, chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become an ever-increasing burden on a Nation’s health system. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus and obesity are established risk factors for CKD throughout the world and if these diseases are poorly controlled they can lead to the development of CKD.

Objectives: To find the prevalence of known risk factors for CKD in St Ann North West and see how these are distributed by age and gender.

Method: A cross-sectional study using cluster sampling with probability proportional to size was used to assess the risk for CKD in the Jamaican community of North West St Ann.

Results: A total population of 357 was sampled: 109 males (30.5%) and 248 females (69.5%) with a 95% confidence level and a confidence interval of five. Self-reported prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 11.8% (male: female 1: 2.5) and hypertension was 33.1%. When included persons with systolic BP >140 mmHg and/or diastolic BP > 90 mmHg were included, the prevalence increased to 49.6% (male: female 1: 2.6) of the sample. The prevalence of the combined overweight and obese populations represented 61.5% of the sample.

Conclusion: The prevalence of risk factors for chronic kidney disease was high in this population. Early detection and control of these risk factors of CKD would lead to a reduction in its incidence and the resultant sequelae of end-stage renal disease.

Accepted: 
01 Nov, 2017
e-Published: 08 Dec, 2017

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