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Damage Index in 110 Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.151

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the prevalence of Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology (SLICC/ACR) damage index among systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and to investigate the prevalence of each component of SLICC/ACR damage index.

Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study on 110 SLE patients from the Division of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, University Hospital Centre Rijeka, Croatia. Damage in SLE patients was assessed by SLICC/ACR damage index.

Results: The most frequently observed components of SLICC/ACR damage index were osteoporosis with fracture and cranial or peripheral neuropathy. After that followed cataract and pleural fibrosis. Malignancy was recorded as the fifth most represented component of SLICC/ACR damage index. Hormone-sensitive cancers were more common than hematologic cancers.

Conclusion: In our group of SLE patients musculoskeletal system was the most frequently observed organ system of SLICC/ACR damage index. Osteoporosis with fracture was the most common manifestation of musculoskeletal system and the main characteristic of SLICC/ACR damage index. 

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2017
Weight: 
0
e-Published: 13 Dec, 2017

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