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Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Routine Check-up Program in Cyprus

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.111

ABSTRACT

Objective: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) represents a conglomeration of various metabolic abnormalities, including glucose intolerance, hypertension, increased triglycerides, and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). This study evaluated the prevalence of MetS in a health check-up subjects.

Methods: In a cross-sectional observational study designed between October 2015 and July 2016, using a simple random sampling method, 324 adults aged more than 20 years who were invited for health check-up examinations to Internal Medicine Department of Near East University Hospital. The revised National Cholesterol Education Program–Adult Treatment Panel III was used for the diagnosis of MetS.

Results: A total of 324 participants included 163 men and 161 women with respective mean age of 42.77±16.16. The prevalence of MetS was found 37.04% (120 of 324). The prevalence was higher in men (51.5%) than in women (22.4%). The prevalence of high waist circumference (>102 cm men; >88 cm women), having three or more risk factors for MetS and low HDL-cholesterol levels were significantly higher in males compared with females (p < 0.001). High blood pressure, high fasting glucose and triglycerides levels were most frequent components of the males.

Conclusion: The prevalence of MetS in our population is very high, especially in men. Preventive strategies should be developed to decrease prevalence of MetS in our country.

Accepted: 
15 Dec, 2017
e-Published: 19 Dec, 2017

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