Objective: To explain the objectives, methodology and basic results of a study of oral health in adults who demanded services from dental clinics at a public university in Mexico.
Methods: A cross-sectional study included 1273 subjects aged 18 and over who visited a public university in the state of Hidalgo, Mexico to receive dental care. A series of sociodemographic, socioeconomic and related oral health indicator were collected using questionnaires, and an oral examination was conducted on each patient. The oral health indicators included: a previous experience of oral pain, dental health services utilisation (DHSU), self-reported oral health status (SROHS), different states of tooth loss (TL), self-reported TL (SRTL), and frequency of dental brushing. The analysis was performed using Stata 11.
Results: The average age of the participants was 37.22 ± 14.67 years, and 60.0% were women. Oral pain was higher in those aged 45–59 years (p < 0.001) and among women (p < 0.001). In terms of DHSU, no differences were observed as a function of age (p > 0.05), and men performed the most DHSU (p < 0.001). SROHS was reported as “good/very good” more frequently among younger participants (p < 0.001); no differences were observed as a function of sex (p > 0.05). We observed statistically significant differences in the distribution of the different levels of TL and in SRTL by age (p < 0.001) and by sex (p < 0.01). The frequency of brushing diminished with age (p<0.001), but we did not observe differences according to sex (p > 0.05).
Conclusion: This epidemiological information of some indicators of oral health in Mexican adults can help to plan strategies of oral health care.
Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.