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Prevalence of Multiple Miliary Type of Osteoma Cutis in the Maxillofacial Region as an Incidental Finding: A Retrospectıve Cone Beam Computed Tomography Study



Objective: Miliary osteoma cutis (MOC) is a rare variant of osteoma cutis in which multiple fragments of bone formations are embedded in the skin. In general, they are asymptomatic, benign and detected incidentally on radiographic examination.

Methods: This prevalence study was made by using Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) scans. A total of 893 CBCT scans were evaluated. Two hundred and two of them were excluded because of poor diagnostic quality. The occurence frequency of incidentally found multiple miliary type of osteoma cutis in head and neck area was noted. Median and range were used to describe the age of the patients.

Results: A total of 691 CBCT images were screened. Of these, 268 (38.8%) were from female patients and 423 (61.2%) were from male patients. The median age of patients referred for CBCT was 45.0 (IQR = 30.0) years and within the age range of 5 to 84 years. A total of 22 (3.2%) multiple MOC cases in maxillofacial region were discovered on 691 patients’ CBCT scans.

Conclusion: Calcified lesions in head and neck region were commonly seen in CBCT images. Although the most of the calcifications are asymptomatic and require no treatment but diagnosis should be carefully made to avoid unnecessary further diagnostic assessments. It will also provide the ability comprehensively evaluation of underlying diseases.


30 May, 2018
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e-Published: 15 Feb, 2019


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