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The Initiation of Coronary Angioplasty and Stenting in a Single Outpatient Centre in Barbados

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Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) is a novel procedure to Barbadian healthcare. Only one centre in Barbados provides PTCA and stenting. This is a retrospective study aimed at describing the initial results of coronary angioplasty and stenting in the first 48 patients at the Carib-American Heart Centre and exploring the feasibility and safety of coronary angioplasty and stenting in Barbados. Forty-eight patients underwent PTCA during the period March 2002 to June 2004 inclusive, with or without intracoronary stenting. Most (64.6%) of the patients were male and 43.7% were diabetic. The most common vessels involved were the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and the right coronary artery (RCA). In one patient, attempted stenting was unsuccessful but PTCA reduced stenosis. One patient had previous PTCA and stenting of the LAD and two patients had coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) prior to the procedure. Twenty-one per cent of the patients treated had severe triple vessel disease. There were no cases of re-stenosis or acute vessel closure, during or immediately following the procedure that required emergency PTCA or CABG. All patients were discharged within 24 hours of the procedure. Procedural success was 100%. In conclusion, outpatient PTCA and stenting is safe and feasible in the Barbadian population. Coronary artery bypass grafting is still the procedure of choice for treating coronary artery disease (CAD) involving the left main coronary artery but PTCA is indicated in some cases of severe triple vessel disease.

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e-Published: 23 Jul, 2013
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