Objective: The goal of this review is to discuss possible underlying psychopathological situations in patients requesting surgical cosmetic rhinoplasty operation and to examine potential problems that might arise.
Subjects and Methods: An extensive search was conducted through PubMed, Ambase and PsychInfo by using related keywords in English, like “rhinoplasty and psychiatric comorbidities”, “rhinoplasty and psychopathology”.
Results: Patients who demand cosmetic rhinoplasty operation appealed to the surgeon since they wanted to feel better about themselves after the surgery. Indeed, some long-term studies determined that such a situation can take place at high rates. However, some studies reported the possibility of serious psychological disorders after such surgical operations. Studies relating to the analysis of psychopathologic symptoms are quite limited. Research has shown that psychopathologic evaluation conducted preoperatively is especially important to identify serious psychopathologies such as personality disorders and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD).
Conclusions: Exclusion of patients possessing serious psychopathologies from operations provides better results in the long term. The lack of sufficient research in this area necessitates new and comprehensive studies.