This study takes an ecological approach and uses multivariate analysis to identify factors associated with ART adherence. Findings suggest that improvements in ART adherence may be achieved by counselling, focussed attention to alcohol users and developing drugs with reduced side effects.
This article examines HIV testing prevalence among youth as well as the characteristics of youth who report that they were tested. It utilized data from the AIDS Indicator Survey of Guyana and the Demographic and Health Surveys of Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
MG Lee, CD McGaw, L Chin, MAC Frankson, CA Walters
Propofol sedation in patients undergoing elective colonoscopy was associated with relatively quick recovery and excellent satisfaction by patients and is a suitable and safe alternative for sedation for
colonoscopy in Jamaica.
In patients admitted with upper GI bleed, the majority were males of middle age. The leading causes were duodenal ulcer (28%), erosive gastritis (20%) and gastric ulcer (13%). The overall mortality was 5.7%, rebleeding occurred in 4.8% of patients and 5% underwent surgery. The average duration of hospital stay was 6.6 days.
The delivery of quality pharmacy services is thought to be important by virtue of its influence on patient’s satisfaction and hence better patient compliance/adherence. This study explores the relationship between patient’s satisfaction with pharmacy services and control of selected chronic diseases.
KS Charles, L Ramon, N Leelah, T Adewunmi, T Seemungal
The delivery of quality pharmacy services is thought to be important by virtue of its influence on patient’s satisfaction and hence better patient compliance/adherence. This study explores the relationship between patient’s satisfaction with pharmacy services and control of selected chronic diseases. General Hospital is presented. Efficacy, safety and tolerability seem comparable to that reported in developed countries.
The Modified Cadenat procedure could provide satisfactory therapeutic results and avoid postoperative failure of reduction compared to the modified Dewar procedure. However, the modified Cadenat procedure does not aim to restore the anatomical coracoclavicular ligaments. We believe that anatomic restoration of both coracoclavicular ligaments could best restore the function of the acromioclavicular joint.
O Akinloye, TO Adebayo, OO Oguntibeju, DP Oparinde, EO Ogunyemi
In this study, findings confirmed disturbance in the distribution of trace elements in participants on contraceptives. It showed a significant decrease in the serum concentration of zinc, selenium, phosphorus and magnesium while a significant increase in serum level was observed for copper, iron, cadmium and selenium.
MK Tulloch-Reid, WD Aiken, BF Morrison, T Tulloch, R Mayhew, RL Wan, FI Bennett, KC Coard, MD Jackson
The relationship between serum PSA and BMI was examined in men referred to urology clinics in
Jamaica. There was an inverse relationship between PSA and BMI among men with prostate cancer.
Clinicians should take this relationship into account when interpreting patients’ PSA results.
This study describes the health status and healthseeking behaviour of men fifty-five years and older in Jamaica based on a quantitative survey of 2000 men. There are implications for health policy and programming given rapid population ageing in the Caribbean.
The direct interaction between the parasitized erythrocytes and vascular endothelial cells altered contractile responses in vascular rings. The regulation of vascular tone by various vasoactive agents following exposure to malaria parasites might be altered in a vessel-specific manner.
M Arjomandzadegan, M Sadrnia, LK Surkova, LP Titov
The present work is the first study on the sequence of whiB7 gene in susceptible, MDR and XDR clinical isolates. No mutation was found in this gene in strains isolated from tuberculosis patients and it was shown that the promoter and structural gene of whiB7 are highly conservative in XDR and MDR isolates. This finding confirmed the need for further studies on designing a proper inhibitor for conservative WhiB7 protein in clinical forms of M tuberculosis.
DNA release and uptake in an in vivo mammalian system is described for the first time, and is related to normal growth and differentiation, abnormal growth and cancer. It is proposed that there is a homeostatic exchange system of intercellular factors including genetic material (DNA/RNA) between cells and tissues, important for growth and differentiation. Disturbances of the messages or the homeostatic control of the exchange system can result in abnormal growth and cancer.
This study investigated the effect of low intensitypulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on the repair process of
Achilles tendon using a rat model and also examined the regulation of a biological molecule that may
contribute to this in vivo and in vitro.