1. Articles should be submitted electronically, and must contain original unpublished work, not being considered for publication elsewhere. Pages should be numbered consecutively. Length of articles should be 7,000 to 10,000 words including notes and Notes and Comments should be in the 1,500 - 2,000 word range or less. Book reviews should not exceed 1500 words.
2. Electronic documents should have a one-inch, unjustified margin on all four sides. Text should be left aligned, do not use right justification. Please do not break words at the end of typed lines, and do not include author’s name on any pages other than the title page. Please provide a 150-word abstract with up to five keywords. Articles without abstracts will be returned. Do not include author’s name on this page. At the time of submission, we require a 100-word bio with current affiliation, rank, research interests, and key publications. All acknowledgments should be placed at the end of the article, which should appear after the last sentence of the essay.
3. The latest edition of the Chicago Manual of Style is the reference book for SES’s house style. Articles not submitted in the journal’s format and style will not be considered.
5. Titles of articles should preferably not be more than eight words. There are three levels of sub-heads that can be used in articles which should come at roughly 700-word intervals. The first or highest level should be typed in plain capitals. The next level is bold upper and lower case and the third plain italic upper and lower case. Numbered headings are not used.
6. Footnotes should be used only to provide additional comments and discussion and should be numbered consecutively throughout the article. Footnotes are preferred to endnotes.
7. SES’s citation style is based on the author-date system of referencing as detailed in the most recent Chicago Manual of Style. Articles should have a reference list at the end containing all the works referred to, listed alphabetically by author’s surname, with the date of the article placed after the author’s name, eg. Hall, Stuart and Sarat Maharaj. 2001. Modernity and difference, Annotations 6, London: Iniva. Note that journal titles should be given in full, including volume and issue numbers, months and date, and page numbers of the article, eg. Scott, David. 1995. Revolution, theory, modernity: Notes on the cognitive-political crisis of our time. Social and Economic Studies 44 (2&3):14-15.
8. References to source material in the text should take the form of surname, year and page numbers. eg. (Paul 2002, 22-26). There should be no comma between name of author and year. For your convenience relevant rules and examples from the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual have been provided at the end of this document.
9. Short quotations should be enclosed in quotation marks and incorporated in the text. Longer quotations (more than fifty words) should be indented from both margins, with no quotation marks (all double spaced). All publications/items cited in the text, and only those items, should be included in the list of references.
10. Dates should be rendered as follows: 9 January 1980; 1970s; twentieth century; 1945-52 but 1952-4 (i.e., do not repeat decade digit if the same). Initials such as UNESCO, FAO, etc, should not have stops between letters. English spelling should be used throughout.
11. Tables: All tabular material should be clearly numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Each table should be double-spaced, and identified by a short descriptive title centred at the top. Notes for tables appear at the bottom of each table and are marked with lowercase, superscript letters. Marginal notations in the text should indicate approximate placement of tables.
12. Figures: All illustrative, non-tabular material should be in black and white, in a series of figures numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Illustrations must be submitted as high res jpeg (jpg.) files. Captions must be clearly marked. The author must include all permissions with the final manuscript. All tables, charts and graphs will be reproduced in black and white and should therefore not make use of colours to distinguish variables.
13. SES treats the word ‘data’ as a singular mass entity like the word ‘information’. Hence the word ‘data’ should be treated as a collective noun taking singular verbs and pronouns. Thus “The data is displayed in the following table” is preferred to “The data are displayed…”
14. Mathematical notation should be kept to a minimum. Avoid the use of unusual symbols where common ones are satisfactory. Avoid fractions in the form a over b and use a/b instead. Use the acceptable alternatives (B*) where possible. Special care is required with letters and symbols that are close in appearance, such as u and v and w and with the use of 0 and 1 where these can be read as either letters or numbers. Superscripts and subscripts in mathematical terms should be accurately aligned. Where mathematical formulae are set out and numbered, these numbers should be placed against the right hand margin, as…(1). Careful checking of the layout of all mathematical formulae including alignment, centring, length of fraction lines and type, size, position and closure of brackets, etc., should be carried out before the final manuscript is submitted to avoid corrections at the proof stage. Where it would assist referees, authors should provide supplementary mathematical notes on the derivation of equations.
15. Book review headings should appear as follows: Title, author, publisher, place, date, also pagination and price, if available.
16. Contributors will be sent proofs of their articles for review before publication.
17. The editor reserves the right to make any corrections or alterations considered necessary. Authors should use the active voice except where they have a good reason to use the passive. Use “we” for two or more authors, never as a substitute for “I”.