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Submission Guidelines

1. Articles should be submitted electronically on Scholastica (Scholastica charges a US$10.00 submission fee which goes directly to them; we do not charge any fees), and must contain original unpublished work, not being considered for publication elsewhere. Pages should be numbered consecutively. Length of articles should be 7,000–10,000 words including notes. Notes and Comments should be in the 1,500–2,000 word range or less. Book reviews should not exceed 1,500 words.

2. Electronic documents should have a one-inch, un­justified margin on all four sides. Text should be left aligned; do not use right justification. Please do not break words at the end of typed lines, and do not include author’s name on any pages other than the title page. Please provide a short title and an abstract (maximum 150 words) with keywords. Articles without abstracts will be returned. At the time of submission, we require a bio (maximum 200 words) in complete sentences with information such as an email address, current affiliation, rank, research interests, and key publications of each author – this is to be grouped in one paragraph for each author and to be uploaded as a separate file on Scholastica. All acknowledgments should be placed at the end of the article, which should appear after the last sentence of the article. 

3. The latest edition of the Chicago Manual of Style is the reference book for SES’s house style. Articles not submitted in the journal’s format and style will not be considered. 

4. There are three levels of sub-heads that can be used in articles. The first or highest level should be typed in plain capitals. The next level is bold upper and lower case and the third plain italic upper and lower case. Numbered headings are not used.


5. Footnotes should be used only to provide additional comments and discussion and should be numbered consecutively throughout the article. Footnotes are preferred to endnotes.


6. SES’s citation style is based on the author-date system of referencing as detailed in the most recent Chicago Manual of Style. Articles should have a reference list at the end containing all the works referred to, listed alphabetically by author’s surname, with the date of the article placed after the author’s name, eg. Hall, Stuart, and Sarat Maharaj. 2001. Modernity and Difference, Annotations 6, London: Iniva. Note that journal titles should be given in full, including volume and issue numbers, months and date, and page numbers of the article, eg. Scott, David. 1995. "Revolution, Theory, Modernity: Notes on the Cognitive-Political Crisis of Our Time." Social and Economic Studies 44 (2&3): 14–15.


7. References to source material in the text should take the form of surname, year and page numbers, eg. (Paul 2002, 22–26). There should be no comma between name of author and year.


8. Short quotations should be enclosed in quotation marks and incorporated in the text. Longer quotations (more than fifty words) should be indented from both margins, with no quotation marks (all double spaced). All publications/items cited in the text, and only those items, should be included in the list of references. Agreement of text citation and reference list entry: For each author-date citation in the text, there must be a corresponding entry in the reference list under the same name and date. It is the author’s responsibility to ensure such agreement as well as the accuracy of the reference.


9. Dates should be rendered as follows: 9 January 1980; 1970s; twentieth century; 1945–52 but 1952–4 (i.e., do not repeat decade digit if the same). Initials such as UNESCO, FAO, etc, should not have full stops between letters. English spelling should be used throughout (refer to the Oxford English Dictionary if in doubt).


10. Tables: All tabular material should be clearly numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Each table should be double-spaced, and identified by a short descriptive title centred at the top of the table. Notes for tables appear at the bottom of each table and are marked with lowercase, superscript letters.


11. Figures: All illustrative, non-tabular material should be in black and white, in a series of figures numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Illustrations must be submitted as high res jpeg (jpg.) files. Captions must be clearly marked. The author must include all permissions with the final manuscript. All tables, charts and graphs will be reproduced in black and white and should therefore NOT make use of colours to distinguish variables.


12. SES treats the word data as a singular mass entity like the word information. Hence the word data should be treated as a collective noun taking singular verbs and pronouns. Thus, “The data is displayed in the following table” instead of “The data are displayed…”


13. Mathematical notation should be kept to a minimum. Avoid the use of unusual symbols where common ones are satisfactory. Avoid fractions in the form a over b and use a/b instead. Use the acceptable alternatives (B*) where possible. Special care is required with letters and symbols that are close in appearance, such as u and v and w and with the use of 0 and 1 where these can be read as either letters or numbers. Superscripts and subscripts in mathematical terms should be accurately aligned. Where mathematical formulae are set out and numbered, these numbers should be placed against the right-hand margin, as…(1). Careful checking of the layout of all mathematical formulae including alignment, centring, length of fraction lines and type, size, position and closure of brackets, etc., should be carried out before the final manuscript is submitted to avoid corrections at the proof stage. Where it would assist reviewers, authors should provide supplementary mathematical notes on the derivation of equations. Mathematical notation should be kept to a minimum and created using LaTeX equation editor.


14. Book review headings should appear as follows: Title, author, publisher, place, date, and number of pages.


15. Authors will be sent proofs of their articles for review before publication.


16. The editor reserves the right to make any corrections or alterations considered necessary. Authors should use the active voice except where they have a good reason to use the passive. Use “we” for two or more authors, never as a substitute for “I”.


17. Organisation as Author

If a publication issued by an organisation, association, or corporation carries no personal author’s name on the title page, the organisation may be listed as author in the reference list, even if it is also given as publisher. To facilitate shorter parenthetical text citations, the organisation may be listed under an abbreviation, in which case the entry must be alphabetised under that abbreviation (rather than the spelled-out name) in the reference list. The spelled-out name need not be mentioned in the text.

· BSI (British Standards Institution). 1985. Specification for Abbreviation of Title Words and Titles of Publications. London: BSI.

· ISO (International Organization for Standardization). 1997. Information and Documentation—Bibliographic References. Part 2, Electronic Documents or Parts Thereof. ISO 690-2. New York: American National Standards Institute.

· IMF (International Monetary Fund). 2015a. IMF Survey: Commodity Exporters Facing the Difficult Aftermath of the Boom. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.

The citation should have the abbreviated organisation name followed by the year of publication and page number (if needed).

· (BSI 1985, 25) – with page number

BSI (1985) has stipulated that…

· (ISO 1997)

· IMF (2015a)


18. Reference to legislative sections

 Please use uppercase “S” when mentioning legislative sections.



1. This point is found in Section 63 of the FAA Act, 2014, which states that…


2. In the FAA Act, an escape clause is contained in the country’s fiscal rule, which, according to Section 48C(1), is triggered by “an eventuality which must be greater than 1.5% of GDP (verified by the Auditor General). This eventuality could be a severe economic contraction, or public disasters or emergencies as defined in the Constitution” (FAA Act, 2014, Section 63).

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