Condylar hypoplasia is the underdevelopment or defective formation of the condyle, which can be congenital or acquired. Congenital hypoplasia is present at birth, while acquired condylar hypoplasia occurs from an event that interferes with its normal development. This event can be trauma, infection, radiation, endocrine disorders, or systemic arthropathy (1).
The diagnosis is arrived at by a correlation of the clinical findings with the radiological findings. Plain film radiography is generally inadequate for assessing disorders of the temporomandibular joint [TMJ] (2). This case highlights the im-portance of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in arriving at a diagnosis for the patient.