Objective: To examine the impact of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) on the treatment of subfertile couples in Jamaica.
Method: A review of the outcome of treatment cycles for infertile couples that underwent in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) and ICSI from 2003–05 at the Hugh Wynter Fertility Management Unit (HWFMU) of the University of the West Indies. Fertilisation and pregnancy rates for the cycles as well as the factors determining the success of the procedure were reviewed. SPSS 11.1 was used to do statistical calculations.
Results: Ninety-six ICSI cycles were done from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2005. For couples with previous poor or no fertilisation in a standard IVF group (n = 12), the fertilisation rate was 72%; for those with substandard semen (n = 73), the fertilisation rate was 77.5%, for those with semen retrieved by surgical sperm method (n = 11), the fertilisation rate was 59%.
The resulting live births were 0%, 12.5% and 27.3% respectively. There was a statistically significant impact of age on pregnancy rates as the mean age of the females in the previously poor or no fertilisation in a standard IVF group (39.08 ± 5.14) was greater than those of the substandard semen group (35.93 ± 4.22) [p = 0.023] as well as the group with surgical sperm retrieval (32.82 ± 6.65) [p = 0.019].
Conclusion: With ICSI, the fertilisation and pregnancy rates in Jamaica are comparable to international rates regardless of the cause of infertility. However, the age of the female partner does have a significant impact on the pregnancy rate following ICSI.