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The Prevalence of Depressive Symptoms in a Trinidadian Cardiac Population

Journal Authors: 
The current study investigated the prevalence of depressive symptoms in persons with self-reported cardiovascular disease and the interactions of depressive symptoms, reported cardiovascular disease and gender in a Trinidadian population.  Between June 2009 and August 2009, 425 participants were recruited from the Eric Williams Medical Sciences Complex (EWMSC) Heart Clinic and all the participants completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale.  Clinical and demo-graphic variables were obtained from the sociodemographic questionnaire.  Forty-seven per cent of the self-reported cardiovascular disease participants were identified as having high depressive symptoms as compared to 32% of those who did not report having a cardiovascular illness.  The odds ratio indicated that high depressive symptoms are more likely to occur in individuals with reported cardio-vascular disease.  The Mann-Whitney test revealed females had significantly higher levels of depressive symptoms than males.  Previous studies suggest that depression is a risk factor for adverse prognosis in a cardiac population, therefore future research examining the link between depression and cardio-vascular disease is warranted. 
27 Sep, 2013
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e-Published: 22 Jan, 2014
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