The trans-shipment of illicit substances through the islands of The Bahamas, during the late 1960s, early 1970s and decade of the 1980s has had a negative impact. This dissertation determines the characteristics of patients presenting to government treatment facilities over a six-month period who meet the criteria for substance use disorders.
The prevalence of depressive symptoms in persons with self-reported cardiovascular disease was examined in a Trinidadian population. Forty-seven per cent of participants were identified with high depressive symptoms compared to 32% of participants with no self-reported cardiovascular illness.
The prevalence of depression in Type 2 diabetic patients was 17.9%. Females and patients with co-existing medical complications had higher levels of depression. It is recommended that psychological screening be done at diabetic health clinics to aid in better control, quality of life and longevity.
LM Buchner-Daley, DC Brady-West, DA McGrowder, GM Gordon-Strachan
Based on a comparative study of blood donation over a seven-year period, it is evident that innovative methods of donor recruitment are necessary if the blood supply is to keep pace with the increasing demand.
KL Bishop, B Hanchard, TN Gibson, D Lowe, D McNaughton, N Waugh, A Akimbebe
The rankings of the commonest childhood malignancies in Jamaica (leukaemia, brain and spinal neoplasms and lymphomas) have shown few changes since the last review. However, there are unexplained differences in frequency and gender distribution of some tumours.
DT Goon, AL Toriola, BS Shaw, LO Amusa, LB Khoza, I Shaw
School children in Central Pretoria, South Africa, have a high level of excessive percentage body fat, with girls having significantly higher percentage body fat compared to boys. Racially, black children were fatter than white children. The excessive percentage body fat observed among the children in this study has implications for their health and fitness.
The three-year prevalence of bacterial vaginosis in women of reproductive age was found to be 19.5%, using retrospective data from the national Pap smear records for the period January 2009 to December 2011
CE Medina-Solís, AP Pontigo-Loyola, M Mendoza-Rodríguez, SE Lucas-Rincón, S Márquez-Rodríguez, JJ Navarrete-Hernandez, G Maupomé
Oral health studies on adolescents are sparse. We characterized the patterns of health services utilization and unmet needs for tooth decay. Large unmet treatment needs, relatively low experience of restorative treatment, and few tooth extractions were moderated by socio-economic variables.
Rectal cancer is the most common site in the colorectal spectrum and many patients present at an advanced stage. Short course radiotherapy is proposed as neo-adjuvant therapy to qualified patients as it is less expensive, requires less time, has greater compliance and less acute toxity, without compromising efficacy.