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Is Timely and Appropriate Antifungal Drug Enough for Survival of Adult Cases with Candidaemia? Five-year Experience

Objective: Candidaemia is the fourth most common cause of nosocomial bloodstream infections. The objective of this paper was to evaluate the risk factors associated with mortality in patients with candidaemia with respect to Candida species and their susceptibilities, retrospectively.
Methods: All consecutive patients who developed candidaemia at an 800-bed training and research hospital were enrolled in this retrospective, observational, single centre study during the period June 2006 to December 2011.
Results: A total of 97 candidaemia episodes were identified in 97 patients during the study period with an overall incidence of four episodes/10 000 admissions in adults. Crude 30-day mortality rates among patients with candidaemia were 56% (55 of 97 cases). Urinary catheterization, immunosuppressive therapy, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II score (≥ 16) and hypoalbuminaemia were found to be independent risk factors for fatal candidaemia.
Conclusions: Adult cases with candidaemia who have risk factors associated with mortality are more likely to have poor prognosis despite appropriate and timely initiated antifungal drug treatment. Empiric antifungal drug should be tailored according to the severity of the patients’ conditions and local antifungal susceptibility.
09 Oct, 2012
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e-Published: 18 Feb, 2014

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