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Blood Use in Neurosurgical Cases at the University Hospital of the West Indies

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.233
Pages: 
54–8

ABSTRACT

Objective: Many neurosurgical cases are done without the need for blood transfusion, yet blood is unnecessarily cross-matched, resulting in wasted resources.  This study was undertaken to document and compare the number of units of blood components requested, cross-matched and transfused in neurosurgical cases at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI). 

Methods: A prospective, observational study was undertaken over one year.  Data collected for each patient included demographic information, relevant perioperative data, and blood banking data including blood components requested, cross-matched and transfused.  Data were analysed using SPSS version 16.

Results: Data were analysed on 152 patients, 71 females (46.7%) and 81 males (53.3%). The mean age was 48.7 ± 19.6 years and 100 of the procedures were done electively (65.8%).  Blood components were ordered in 114 (75%) cases, red cells more commonly in 113 (74.3%) patients, and plasma in 19 (12.5%) patients.  Overall, 20 patients (13.2%) were transfused.  Most patients (90.9%) needed one to two units of blood.  Of the 236 units of blood components that were cross-matched or prepared, only 62 were transfused. The cross-match/preparation to transfusion ratio (CTR/PTR) was 6.00 for red cells and 1.31 for plasma.  Preoperative haemoglobin ≤ 10.0 g/dL (p = 0.001), estimated blood loss of ≥ 1 litre (p < 0.001), higher American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status score (p < 0.03) and a resident as lead surgeon (p < 0.05), were significant predictors of blood transfusion. 

Conclusion: The transfusion rate was low with a high cross-match to transfusion ratio, suggesting that less cross-matching is needed.  A new approach to blood ordering for neurosurgical cases is recommended.

Accepted: 
22 Jan, 2014
Revised: 
20 Jan, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Weight: 
4
e-Published: 14 Mar, 2014
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