D Eldemire-Shearer, K Mitchell-Fearon, H Laws, N Waldron, K James, DL Holder-Nevins
This paper discusses Jamaica’s current census (2011) and the changes in the over 60-year old population since the 2001 census and the implications for healthcare. Emphasis is placed on chronic disease reduction and improved quality of life for older persons.
DH Cohall, T Scantlebury-Manning, C Rafie, S James, K Hall
The aim of the study is to investigate potassium intake and renal handling and their impact on the cardiovascular health of normotensive Afro-Caribbeans by the possible modulation of the renin angiotensin aldosterone.
A Giese, C Grunwald, J Zieren, NJ Buchner, BF Henning
Thirty-day, one-year mortality and re-bleeding rates were 16.7%, 32.9% and 14%, respectively in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding proven by after-hours endoscopy. A Rockall score > 2 was associated with an increased 30-day mortality. Rockall score and Forrest classification did not otherwise reliably predict adverse events.
This study sought to assess the efficiency of the modified Kinyoun cold method as a replacement for the Ziehl Nielsen (ZN) and to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of laboratory personnel in relation to the ZN method in Guyana.
G Ece, B Erac, MH Limoncu, A Baysak, AT Oz, KC Ceylan
S maltophilia isolates were detected in four patients undergoing bronchoscopy during a one-week period. More attention should be paid to this microorganism as it can cause epidemics in intensive care units and operating theatres where invasive procedures take place. Appropriate disinfection procedures should be done and the staff should be continuously monitored and educated.
The practice of asanas, relaxation and pranayama decreased anxiety in women but the practice of yoga as an integrated yoga module significantly improved anxiety scores without any ill effects in young women with proven anxiety.
We investigated the long-term effect of a brief school-based curriculum intervention on dietary behaviours and physical activity among primary school children. The intervention was associated with significantly lower intakes of fried foods and sodas and higher knowledge scores 18 months later.
RS Chamberlain, Z Klaassen, MC Meadows, S Weitzman, M Loukas
Medical student research involvement has evolved to be a core component of medical education. In 2009 the St George’s University’s Medical Student Research Institute was designed to encourage, support, facilitate and centralize medical student research.
Radiology staff constantly exposed to ionizing radiation was evaluated to determine the relationship between pulmonary function and blood parameters. Although the respiratory functions of radiology staff are affected by many factors, continuous exposure to ionizing radiation is one of the important parameters. Radiology staff should be informed about preventable factors that negatively affect respiratory functions.
A Crawford-Sykes, K Ehikhametalor, I Tennant, M Scarlett, R Augier, L Williamson, G Wharfe, H Harding-Goldson
The neurosurgical population had a low transfusion rate. Higher American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status, low preoperative haemoglobin, a resident lead surgeon, and blood loss were significant predictors of perioperative transfusions. The Cross-match to Transfusion Ratio was high, suggesting that blood products can be better allocated.
Ackee arilli oils were subjected to iodine value determinations and GC-MS analysis. Consistent with the iodine value, ackees analysed contained primarily oleic acid, palmitic and stearic acids with minor amounts of linoleic acid. Ackee diets may provide some health benefits.
CU Eze, KK Agwu, DN Ezeasor, KK Agwuna, AE Aronu, EI Mba
Some kidney diseases are usually associated with changes in kidney size. Sonographic determination of pathologic changes in the size of the kidneys necessitates knowing the normal ranges of kidney lengths especially with respect to height in school-age children.
This paper gives a helpful insight into herbal medicine and its importance in disease management. Modern (allopathic) medicine can no longer doubt the vast benefits of most tested herbs per their growing relevance to both medicine and surgery.
This paper provides insight into medicinal/botanical cures and the management of diabetes mellitus among the ‘Warao’ and ‘Guajiro’ indigenous Indians of Venezuela. Mention is also made of traditional and holistic practices among the East Indian population of Trinidad and Tobago. All of the above is based on age-old customs, traditions, beliefs and practices of these people in the field of traditional/complementary medicine.