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Glutathione S-Transferase M1 and T1 Gene Polymorphisms Are Not Associated with Increased Risk of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Development



Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) and T1 (GSTT1) gene polymorphisms contributed to development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Subjects and Methods: Fifty women with diagnosis of GDM and 50 control individuals without GDM or altered glucose intolerance during their pregnancy were enrolled in the study. Multiplex polimerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method was applied to determine the GSTM1 and GSTT1 gene polymorphisms. Genotypes were determined according to bands detected with the agarose gel electrophoresis.

Results: The difference in the frequencies of GSTM1 null genotypes between GDM and control groups was not statistically significant (60% and 54%, respectively). There was no statistically significant difference between GDM and control groups with respect to GSTT1 null genotype rates (22% and 20%, respectively). 

Conclusion: This study shows no association between GST gene polymorphisms and GDM.


27 Aug, 2013
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e-Published: 15 May, 2014
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