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Paediatric Critical Care: Beyond the Walls

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217–19

INTRODUCTION

Critical illness is defined as an alteration in physiologic mechanisms with the potential to result in the failure of one or more organ systems, incomplete recovery or death, without prompt and appropriate intervention (1, 2). Recognition and management are particularly challenging in infants and children, because of the age-specific differences in types of illness and range of physiologic values, the skill required to perform procedures on small children, and the unanticipated sudden deterioration especially in infants who have limited compensatory capacity. The old adage that ‘children are not little adults’ is applicable, and the value of specific knowledge and training in paediatric critical care management by pertinent personnel cannot be understated (3).

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e-Published: 05 Jun, 2013
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