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Prevalence and Possible Risk Factors of Hypertension in Harmons, Jamaica

Journal Authors: 


Objective: To determine the prevalence and possible risk factors of hypertension in the rural community of Harmons, Manchester, Jamaica.

Methods: The present study was conducted in Harmons over the span of one week. Community wide blood pressure measurements and health history data were recorded by an investigational team. Basic anthropometric data were also collected. Statistical and descriptive analyses were performed on collected data.

Results: The sample size was 99 subjects. Ages of subjects ranged from 19 to 85, the greatest proportion being younger than 45. Individuals under the age of 18 were not permitted to participate in the study. A significant number of individuals reported immediate family history of hypertension and/or diabetes. Weak correlation was found between age and blood pressure. Correlation was also found between personal hypertension history and blood pressure. The prevalence of hypertension based on current American Heart Association blood pressure guidelines was 62.2%.

Conclusion: This research serves as a preliminary understanding of hypertension in Harmons. Subjects of importance for future study may include level of health education, social factors in determining care seeking and further study of hypertension and its risk factors.


15 Jun, 2018
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e-Published: 27 Feb, 2019


Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

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