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Hypertension

Prevalence and Possible Risk Factors of Hypertension in Harmons, Jamaica

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2018.078
Pages: 
Synopsis: 
The rural community of Harmons, Manchester, Jamaica has a high prevalence of hypertension. Correlation was found between certain health history markers and blood pressure measurements. This research serves as a basis for future research and health related work in this rural community.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the prevalence and possible risk factors of hypertension in the rural community of Harmons, Manchester, Jamaica.

Methods: The present study was conducted in Harmons over the span of one week. Community wide blood pressure measurements and health history data were recorded by an investigational team. Basic anthropometric data were also collected. Statistical and descriptive analyses were performed on collected data.

Accepted: 
15 Jun, 2018
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 27 Feb, 2019

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Distribution and Association of Hypertension, Obesity, Diabetes and Transfusion Transmitted Infections with ABO and Rh Blood Groups in Blood Donors at King Saud Hospital, Unaizah, Saudi Arabia

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2018.086
Pages: 
Synopsis: 
This study sought out to evaluate the prevalence rates of metabolic syndrome and transfusion transmitted infections among blood donors at King Saud Hospital, Unaizah, Saudi Arabia and the possible associations with ABO and Rh blood group system. Significant associations were detected between obesity and overweight with ABO blood group, whereas no associations were observed with hypertension or diabetes

ABSTARCT

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence rates of metabolic syndromes (MS) and transfusion transmitted infections (TTIs) among blood donors and study their associations with ABO and Rh blood groups.

Accepted: 
15 Jun, 2018
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 15 Feb, 2019

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

The Effects of Low-dose Bisoprolol on the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System and Ventricular Remodelling

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.260
Pages: 
629-32
Synopsis: 
This research is aimed to explore the effects of low-dose bisoprolol on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and ventricular remodelling and found that Bisoprolol can inhibit the RAAS and reverse ventricular remodelling.

ABSTRACT


Objective: To explore the effects of low-dose bisoprolol on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and ventricular remodelling.

Accepted: 
22 Aug, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 09 Jul, 2018

Using the HIV Treatment Cascade to Identify Implementation Gaps in Hypertension Management in Jamaica

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.140
Synopsis: 
Hypertension is the single most important determinant of cardiovascular disease in the Caribbean. Applying the HIV treatment cascade to hypertension management helps highlight important hypertension research, treatment, and implementation gaps and can facilitate evaluation of the effectiveness of any interventions.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Hypertension is the biggest contributor to cardiovascular disease – the leading cause of death in Jamaica and the Caribbean.  In this paper, we utilized the HIV treatment cascade model to identify research, treatment and implementation gaps for hypertension in Jamaica 

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 13 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Chronic Kidney Disease in the Caribbean Island of Antigua: Causes, Morbidity and Mortality Factors

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.238
Pages: 
173-84
Synopsis: 
Diabetes mellitus and hypertension, were the most common causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among the sampled patients in Antigua while ischaemic heart disease and infections were the major causes of morbidity and mortality among the patients.

ABSTRACT

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its associated high morbidity and mortality cause a significant economic burden and decreased quality of life in affected patients in Antigua, the rest of the Caribbean and globally. The causes of CKD in Antigua, morbidity and mortality factors affecting the sampled patients were evaluated with a view to formulating interventions to minimize the occurrence and the impact of these factors.

Accepted: 
01 Nov, 2017
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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 07 Dec, 2017

Hypertension Control: The Caribbean Needs Intervention Studies to Learn How to Do Better

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.073
Pages: 
1–3
Synopsis: 
Prevalence of hypertension is high in the Caribbean while control of hypertension is low. Intervention trials are needed to establish low cost, sustainable approaches that work in this region.

Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease in the Caribbean and globally. It is responsible for 51% of deaths due to cerebrovascular disease (stroke) and 45% of deaths due to ischaemic heart disease, which are the leading causes of death in the Caribbean. The prevalence of hypertension in the Caribbean is high, affecting 21% of adults in Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago, 25% in Jamaica, and 35–38% in St Kitts, British Virgin Islands and Grenada, contributing to the large economic burden from this condition and its complications.

Accepted: 
07 Mar, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 08 Mar, 2017

Observation of the Efficacy of Acupuncture in Patients with Hypertension

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727.2016.256
Synopsis: 
Acupuncture therapy could reduce blood pressure in patients with hypertension.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of acupuncture in the treatment of hypertension in patients from April 2011 to May 2014.

Method: One hundred and six patients with hypertension were divided into two groups: 53 cases in the control group were on oral administration of nifedipine sustained-release (SR) tablets, and the 53 cases in the observation group were on oral nifedipine SR and acupuncture treatment.

Accepted: 
22 Aug, 2016
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e-Published: 03 Feb, 2017

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

Factors Affecting Blood Pressure Control among Hypertensive Patients Attending Primary Healthcare Facilities in Western Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10:7727/wimj.2016.368
Pages: 
131-6
Synopsis: 
This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study of patients diagnosed with primary hypertension identifying patient-related factors that affect blood pressure control and its significance or implications for programme planning.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify patient-related factors that act as barriers to hypertension control.

Accepted: 
13 Sep, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 15 Sep, 2016

Incidence of Obesity and Hypertension among Hyatt Employees in Aruba, 2012

Issue: 
DOI: 
10:7727/wimj.2016.215
Pages: 
75–79
Synopsis: 
This analysis of the prevalence of obesity, hypertension and diabetes is a critical aspect for the health care of the Aruban population. This study is a point prevalence assessment of these factors in a small subset of the population, hotel workers at the Hyatt.
 
Abstract
 
Objective: Obesity and hypertension, which are associated with cardiovascular disease and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM), have become a major health concern in Aruba. The present study was aimed to determine the incidence of obesity and potential hypertension among Hyatt employees in Oranjestad, Aruba.
Accepted: 
24 Aug, 2016
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e-Published: 30 Aug, 2016

Assessment of Functional Capacity in Patients with Hypertension Using the Six Minute Walk Test

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.099
Synopsis: 
Functional capacity assessment is now a recognized method for evaluating a person's ability to utilize oxygen during exercise. A six-minute walk test is the most popular and widely used because it’s easy to use and requires no sophisticated equipment. The patients with hypertension should be routinely assessed to monitor their treatment effectiveness and the patients’ clinical status.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Assessment of functional capacity (FC) is useful in monitoring patient’s progress and also predicts the prognosis. However, sophisticated laboratory equipments are usually required which are not readily available in the clinical settings. This study assessed FC of patients with hypertension using the 6-Minute Walk Test (6-MWT).

Accepted: 
19 Apr, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 28 Apr, 2016

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

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