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S White

The Impact of Tobacco and Occupational Exposure on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in a 70 and over Jamaican Cohort from the BOLD Jamaican Study

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2018.185
Pages: 
458–64
Synopsis: 
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic respiratory disease predominantly affecting the older population. Not well known, COPD is often confused with asthma. Tobacco smoking is widely acknowledged as the most important risk factor for COPD, but occupational exposures from irritant dust, fumes, and biomass exposures, from the burning of wood and coal in indoor fires, also contribute to COPD prevalence.

ABSTRACT

Revised: 
27 Nov, 2018
Accepted: 
03 Aug, 2018
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 19 Dec, 2018
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