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Gender Differences

Gender Differences in the Treatment Outcomes among Tuberculosis Patients: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis in Pakistan

Pakistan in recent times, is placed in the 5th place among high TB prevalent countries, world wide. Cases of extended TB resistance have also been reported in Pakistan, whereas TB resistance cases are common. Given the country's cultural constraints, it is speculated that there are gender differences in TB prevalence and treatment outcomes. The current study provides the data for the risk factors that affect the development of TB based on gender and evaluates the treatment outcomes. Evaluating the past practices and identifying the risk factors, can provide us important information for future directions to control and treat TB in a high TB prevalent country such as Pakistan.


Background: Gender differences among tuberculosis (TB) patients are notable; however, studies evaluating the impact of gender on treatment outcomes have reported inconsistent results.

Aim: The aim of the current study is to observe gender differences among TB patients and to evaluate the relationship between gender and treatment outcome.

29 Apr, 2015
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e-Published: 15 Dec, 2015


Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Gender Differences in Coping with Infertility among Couples Undergoing Counselling for In Vitro Fertilization Treatment

Strategies used to cope with the stress of infertility were compared between men and women undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment at The University of the West Indies, Jamaica. Gender differences in coping were used to help explain reported gender differences in psychological distress.


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e-Published: 10 Jun, 2013
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