## Introduction to Oscillations and Heat

Semester 1

This is a pre-calculus course covering fundamental topics in Oscillations and Heat.

Syllabus:

OSCILLATIONS (6 Lectures)

• Simple Harmonic Motion:
• Introduction to Hooke's Law and definition of simple harmonic motion.
• Treatment of light spring-mass system as simple harmonic oscillator.
• The displacement-time graph for SHM and the application of x =A cos(w t) or x =A sin(w t) to interpret the results.
• Expressions for velocity, acceleration and period for SHM.
• Energy considerations and conservation for SHM.
• The Simple Pendulum.

HEAT (12 lectures)

• Temperature and Thermometers:
• Thermal equilibrium and the Zeroth law of thermodynamics.
• Thermal expansion.
• The Gas laws and absolute temperature.
• The ideal gas law.
• The ideal gas law in terms of molecules.
• Kinetic theory.
• Real gases and change of phase.
• Vapour pressure and humidity.
• Heat and internal energy.
• Specific heat capacity.
• Latent heat.
• Calorimetry.
• Heat transfer:
• First law of  thermodynamics.
• First law applied to simple processes including isobaric and      isothermal processes.
Evaluation:

One 2-hour theory examination paper                                                60%

Two 1-hour in-course tests (15% each)                                               30%

Laboratory work (average of 6 labs at 10% each)                              10%

Learning Objectives:

After completing this course, students should be able to:

• State Hooke’s law and apply it to solving problems in simple harmonic motion.
• Describe how energy is conserved in simple harmonic motion systems
• Perform mathematical analysis of a simple pendulum system
• State Zeroth law and describe its implications to thermodynamics
• Describe the Gas laws and explain their applications in molecules, vapour pressure and humidity.
• Explain the concepts of “Heat” and “Internal Energy”.
• Perform quantitative analysis of problems involving specific heat and latent heat
• Describe the three methods of heat transfer and perform applicable calculations of these quantities
• Explain the first law of thermodynamics and perform calculations as applied to isobaric and isothermal processes.
• Perform and interpret the results of simple experiments and demonstrations of physical principles.
CXC/CSEC Physics or GCE â€œOâ€ Level Physics

Required Textbook:

Cutnell, and Johnson; “Physics ”; 8th Edition, 2009. ISBN 978-0-470-22355-0

Internet Sources:

1.  An online suite of resources:  www.wiley.com/college/wileyplus

2.   Self-assessment: www.wiley.com/college/cutnell