Background: Many studies in literature point out that inflammation related to nasal polyp is mostly dependent on eosinophils and their inflammatory products. Beside eosinophils, platelets may have a role in nasal polyp development. Platelets are involved in haemostasis, tissue repairing and inflammation. However, to our knowledge, there are no reports in the literature that study the association between platelet parameters and nasal polyps.
Subjects and Methods: Forty-three patients with nasal polyps and forty-nine healthy controls were enrolled in the study, retrospectively. Laboratory data of patients with nasal polyp were obtained at the time of diagnosis.
Results: There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in terms of white blood count, haemoglobin, haematocrit and platelet count. The mean platelet volume (MPV) value of the nasal polyp group was significantly lower than the control group (p = 0.025). Mean eosinophil count was significantly elevated in the nasal polyp group compared to the control group (p < 0.001).
Conclusions: Reduction in MPV may be an indicator for nasal polyp formation. Further studies with a larger study population are needed to detect the possible correlation between eosinophil count and MPV values in patients with nasal polyps.