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The Brainstem Localization of Gastric Preganglionic Parasympathetic Neurons in the Agouti (Dasyprocta leporina)

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This study was designed to determine qualitatively, the source of gastric vagal nerve fibres in the Agouti. A total of 18 male and female adult agoutis were used for the present investigation. Following anaesthesia, laparotomy was performed and the stomach exteriorized. Multiple intramuscular injections of wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) were then made into different areas of the stomach in the experimental animals. The control animals were divided into four groups of two animals each. The first group had intraperitoneal injection of the tracer, the second had intramuscular injection of normal saline, the third group had injection of tracer into the hepatic portal vein and the last group had injection of the tracer into the gastric walls followed immediately by bilateral vagotomy. Following a survival period of five to seven days, the animals were sacrificed by transcardial perfusion, first with normal saline followed by fixative and finally with 20% buffered sucrose. Following perfusion, the brainstem was extracted from the brain, immersed in 20% buffered sucrose and kept refrigerated overnight for cryoprotection. The brainstems were subsequently sectioned serially, processed for WGA-HRP neurohistochemistry and then analysed under light and dark-field illuminations. The analysis of the sections taken from the experimental animals revealed bilateral presence of WGA-HRP labelled neurons in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve (DMNV) and the nucleus ambiguus (nA) of the medulla oblongata. No labelled neurons were seen in any of the sections taken from the control animals. The implications of the findings are discussed.

30 Oct, 2012
08 Oct, 2012
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e-Published: 14 Nov, 2013
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