Pseudomembranous colitis (PMC) occurs mainly in adults and is believed to be caused almost exclusively by toxins produced by Clostridium difficile. Colonoscopy found that PMC occurs mainly in the colon, sigmoid colon and rectum in up to 80% ~ 100% of cases. Colonoscopy is simple and fast. It has the significance of making a definite diagnosis and can be used as the main examination method of diagnosis. Reports of children suffering from PMC are rare. Herein, we report a case of PMC in a child. This report has some clinical value for the study of the spectrum of PMC in patients.