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Anatomical Features of Posterior Maxillary Teeth for the Positioning of Mini-screws in Beagle Dogs

Journal Authors: 


Objective: To investigate the anatomical morphology of the posterior maxillary teeth in beagle dogs to provide measurements for the positioning of mini-screw implants in the root furcation area.

Methods: The general conditions of the posterior maxillary teeth from 15 beagle dogs were observed. Afterwards, anatomical measurements of the related root furcation area were conducted using landmarks.

Results: Based on our calculations, we identified that 1.2 mm to 1.6 mm diameter mini-screw implants could be safely and consistently inserted on premolars (PM)2, PM3 and PM4. Although mini-screw implantation of 1.6 mm to 2.0 mm diameter could induce irritation in the PM2 root furcation area, these mini-screws remained safe in the PM3 and PM4 regions.

Conclusions: Point O was determined to be a safe and reliable reference point for the insertion of mini-screw implants in the root furcation area of the posterior teeth in beagle dogs.

26 Mar, 2015
e-Published: 14 May, 2015


Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

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