Objective: To evaluate the prevalence rates of metabolic syndromes (MS) and transfusion transmitted infections (TTIs) among blood donors and study their associations with ABO and Rh blood groups.
Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was done at blood bank centre, King Saud hospital, Unaizah, Saudi Arabia from January 2017 to December 2017. Testing of the presence of TTIs was done using ELIZA method and detection of MS was achieved using national guidelines. General demographic data was collected and ethical approval was obtained before conducting the study for all blood donors.
Results: Out of 502 blood donors, O blood group constitutes 228 (45.42%) followed by A 130 (25.80%), B 115 (22.90%) and 29 (5.78%). Majority of donors were Rh+ve (433, 86.25%) compared with Rh-ve (69, 13.74%) blood group. The prevalence rates of obesity and hypertension were 171 (34.10%) and 67 (13.34%), respectively and no cases were reported for diabetes. High levels of obesity and hypertension were observed among group O followed by group B, A, and AB, respectively.
Conclusion: Generally, this study shows significant association between overweight and obesity against ABO blood groups and no significant associations were observed with hypertension or diabetes.
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