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Distribution and Association of Hypertension, Obesity, Diabetes and Transfusion Transmitted Infections with ABO and Rh Blood Groups in Blood Donors at King Saud Hospital, Unaizah, Saudi Arabia

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2018.086
Pages: 
Synopsis: 
This study sought out to evaluate the prevalence rates of metabolic syndrome and transfusion transmitted infections among blood donors at King Saud Hospital, Unaizah, Saudi Arabia and the possible associations with ABO and Rh blood group system. Significant associations were detected between obesity and overweight with ABO blood group, whereas no associations were observed with hypertension or diabetes

ABSTARCT

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence rates of metabolic syndromes (MS) and transfusion transmitted infections (TTIs) among blood donors and study their associations with ABO and Rh blood groups.

Accepted: 
15 Jun, 2018
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Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 15 Feb, 2019

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Histopathological and Immunohistochemical Study of the Effect of Sildenafil Citrate, Vitamin A, Vitamin C and Vitamin E on Wound-healing in Alloxan-induced Diabetic Rats

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.596
Synopsis: 
The aim of this study was to examine the impact of sildenafil citrate, vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E on wound-healing in diabetics. It was decided that when it is necessary to recommend an ideal combination for the wound of a diabetic, it will be beneficial to use sildenafil citrate together with Vitamin A and Vitamin C.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This experimental study examined the impact of sildenafil citrate, vitamin A (Vit A), vitamin C (Vit C) and vitamin E (Vit C) on wound healing in a rat model of diabetes (n=100).

Accepted: 
07 Jan, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 16 Mar, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Incidence of Obesity and Hypertension among Hyatt Employees in Aruba, 2012

Issue: 
DOI: 
10:7727/wimj.2016.215
Pages: 
75–79
Synopsis: 
This analysis of the prevalence of obesity, hypertension and diabetes is a critical aspect for the health care of the Aruban population. This study is a point prevalence assessment of these factors in a small subset of the population, hotel workers at the Hyatt.
 
Abstract
 
Objective: Obesity and hypertension, which are associated with cardiovascular disease and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM), have become a major health concern in Aruba. The present study was aimed to determine the incidence of obesity and potential hypertension among Hyatt employees in Oranjestad, Aruba.
Accepted: 
24 Aug, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 30 Aug, 2016

Urinary Advanced Oxidation Protein Product: A Potential Oxidative Damage Marker for Cancer

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.324
Pages: 
505-10
Synopsis: 
The urinary oxidative protein damage in cancer is significantly higher than diabetes mellitus (with and without hypertension) and may potentially serve as a non-invasive oxidative biomarker for cancer.

ABSTRACT

Revised: 
03 Jun, 2015
Accepted: 
10 Aug, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 09 Mar, 2016

Lower Extremity Amputations in Barbados: 1999 and 2009 — Has the Situation Changed?

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.002
Pages: 
282–6
Synopsis: 
Since the seminal publication that established Barbados as the amputation capitol of the world, there has been no follow-up to the amputation rates on the Island. Here, we show a 10-year change in the lower extremity amputation rates.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
11 Jan, 2016
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e-Published: 23 Feb, 2016

Evaluation of Ocular Parameters in Children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.383
Pages: 
238–243
Synopsis: 
Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic childhood disease. Diabetic retinopathy, which is not widespread in children with Type 1 diabetes, is one of the leading causes of blindness is developed countries.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of childhood Type 1 diabetes (DM) on ocular parameters.

Accepted: 
25 Mar, 2015
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e-Published: 15 Dec, 2015

Medication Adherence and Health Insurance/health Benefit in Adult Diabetics in Kingston, Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.282
Pages: 
320-2
Synopsis: 
The aim of this study was to determine the association between health insurance/health benefit and medication adherence amongst adult diabetic patients in Kingston, Jamaica. In this cross-sectional study, the target population was diabetics who attended the diabetic outpatient clinics in health centres in Kingston. Two health centres were selectively chosen in Kingston. All diabetic patients attending the diabetic clinics and over the age of 18 were conveniently sampled. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was utilized. Health insurance/health benefit was assessed by this questionnaire. Adherence was measured by patients’ self reports of medication usage in the previous week. The Chi-squared was used to determine significance of associations. The sample population was 76% female and 24% male. Type 2 diabetics comprised 93.8%. More than 95% of patients were over the age of 40. Approximately 32% of participants were employed. Approximately 75% of patients had health insurance/health benefit. Among those who had health insurance or health benefit, 71.5% was adherent and 28.5% was non-adherent. This difference was statistically significant (χ2=6.553, p = 0.01). Prevalence of medication non-adherence was 33%.In Kingston, diabetic patients who are adherent are more likely to have health insurance/health benefit (p = 0.01).

ABSTRACT 

Objective: To determine the association between health insurance/health benefit and medication adherence amongst adult diabetic patients in Kingston, Jamaica.

Accepted: 
29 Oct, 2014
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e-Published: 15 May, 2015

Beta Cell Regenerating Potential of Azadirachta indica (Neem) Extract in Diabetic Rats

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.224
Pages: 
13–17
Synopsis: 
Neem leaf extract improved β cell regeneration but did not reduce blood glucose in diabetic rats.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study evaluated the ability of 0.8% neem leaf extract (NLE) to treat diabetes mellitus by assessing its effects on blood glucose, insulin levels and islet morphology in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic Sprague-Dawley rats.

Accepted: 
31 Oct, 2014
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e-Published: 05 May, 2015

Hypertension and Diabetes Prevalence in Older Persons in Jamaica, 2012

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.065
Pages: 
416–23
Synopsis: 
The prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including diabetes and hypertension in the older Jamaican population has significantly increased over the last 20 years. Immediate, short-term activities that target the individual are necessary if NCDs are to be prevented and/or be properly controlled.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
27 Mar, 2014
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e-Published: 14 Aug, 2014

Investigation of the Blood Glucose Lowering Potential of the Jamaican Momordica charantia (Cerasee) Fruit in Sprague-Dawley Rats

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.093
Pages: 
315–9
Synopsis: 
The blood glucose lowering potential of aqueous fruit extracts of the Jamaican plant species (Momordica charantia) was investigated in Sprague-Dawley rats. The extract showed no hypoglycaemic or antidiabetic activity. However, there was improvement in glucose tolerance of glucose-primed normoglycaemic rats during oral glucose tolerance test.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
23 Apr, 2014
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Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 29 Apr, 2015

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