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A Balaban

Importance of Smoking in Pulmonary Involvement of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), is a multi-systemic disease of unknown origin. The reason for the prominence of lungs involvement in some patients with the disease is not clearly defined. Since it was believed that smoking plays an important role in both etiology and progression of the disease, we evaluated the effects of smoking on disease activity, pulmonary functions and alveolar inflammation parameters in patients with RA.


Objectives:  The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of smoking on disease activity and pulmonary involvement in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).  

08 Feb, 2016
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e-Published: 31 Mar, 2016


Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

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