The two main factors related to severe obstetric
perineal lacerations were babies weighing more than
3.5 kg and operative vaginal deliveries.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify significant and modifiable risk factors associated with obstetric third and fourth degree perineal lacerations and to produce recommendations that may reduce their morbidity and prevalence.
This article serves to trace the history of laparoscopic surgery
in the West Indies and to uncover the advances in this
field in the Caribbean.
Objective: The first world witnessed a laparoscopic revolution in the 1990s. At the start, laparoscopic surgery was heavily criticized and ridiculed. Despite this, the specialty has blossomed where almost any procedure can be done laparoscopically with the now obvious tremendous benefit to the patients. The objective of this paper is to examine where the Caribbean is placed relative to the rest of the world in terms of laparoscopic surgery and to understand why we are here.