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Acute Haematogenous Anaerobic Osteomyelitis in Sickle Cell Disease: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Patients with sickle cell disease are more susceptible to acute anaerobic osteomyelitis due to focal gut mucosal ischaemia, translocation of bacteria, and seeding in infarcted bone marrow. Modulation of the immune system is also present. The isolation of anaerobic organisms requires a high index of suspicion, correct specimen collection procedures and meticulous specimen handling. Bacteroides is the predominant organism isolated. Intra-osseous gas in the bone may be seen within four days and radiographs are therefore useful earlier than with aerobic osteomyelitis.

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e-Published: 27 Aug, 2012

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