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Antigua and Barbuda

Small Babies on a Small Island: Survival of Very Low Birthweight Infants in Antigua and Barbuda 1986 to 2006

Issue: 
Pages: 
29–34
Synopsis: 
Review of survival of all very low birthweight babies (VLBW, birthweight < 1500 g) admitted to the Special Care Nursery in Antigua between January 1986 and December 2006 was performed. Survival to discharge of all VLBW infants improved from 45% to 60%, with survival of those 1000 to 1499g improving from 60 to 83% and those < 1000g from 10 to 28%, comparing 1986–1992 to 2000–2006.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Recent attention has been focussed on pregnancy outcomes in developing countries, with the publication of the World Health Organization Report 2005, Make Every Mother and Child Count and the Neonatal Survival Series from the Lancet in 2005. Scant outcome data from the smaller islands of the Caribbean exist for very low birthweight (VLBW) babies (birthweight < 1500 g).

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e-Published: 01 Oct, 2013

Effect of a Government Funded Medication Programme on Paediatric Asthma Hospital Admissions in Antigua And Barbuda

Issue: 
Pages: 
3–7
Synopsis: 
Asthma admissions to Holberton Hospital were tabulated for the six years prior to and for the six years following institution of a government funded programme to provide asthma medication to children in Antigua and Barbuda at no out-of-pocket cost. There was a drop in annual admissions, multiple admissions and number of children with multiple admissions after the programme was instituted.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the effect of a government funded asthma medication programme on paediatric (age # 12 years) asthma hospital admissions in Antigua and Barbuda.

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e-Published: 17 Sep, 2013

Trends in the Prevalence of Adolescent Births in Antigua and Barbuda over 35 Years

Issue: 
Pages: 
95–100
Synopsis: 
Over 35 years in Antigua and Barbuda, there has been a 42% fall in births to teenage mothers and a 53% fall in births to school-aged teens. The decrease has been sustained over 15 years. Economic, educational, social and medical changes may all have played a role.


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e-Published: 18 Jul, 2013

The Age-Specific Incidence of Admission to the Intensive Care Unit for Acute Myocardial Infarction in Antigua and Barbuda

Issue: 
Pages: 
326–9
Synopsis: 
Coronary artery disease is increasing in developing countries as western lifestyles are adopted. Between 1990 and 2001, 250 patients were admitted to rule out myocardial infarction in Antigua, 55% were confirmed. Based on available population figures, the incidence of hospitalization was 0.73 per year per 1000 men and 0.24 per year per 1000 women age 35 to 74 years in Antigua. This rate is less than 20% of the rate for the United States of America.

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e-Published: 03 Jul, 2013

Toward Effective School-based Substance Abuse Prevention “Breaking the Cycle” Programme in Antigua and Barbuda

Issue: 
Pages: 
360–63
Synopsis: 
Cochrane Database review identified factors associated with successful school-based prevention of illicit drug use. The “Breaking the Cycle” programme, initiated in schools in Antigua and Barbuda in 2001, includes these factors: trained teachers, interactive techniques, life skills training, drug resistance skills training, drug harm education and cultural appropriateness.

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e-Published: 23 Jul, 2013
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