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P Whitehorne-Smith

Substance Abuse and Its Relationship with Household Dysfunction and Psychological Distress among University Students

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimjopen.2014.265
Pages: 
3–6
Synopsis: 
Systematic sampling was used to collect data from 382 university students about their substance use, experience of household dysfunction and their level of psychological distress. The relationship between these variables was then analysed.

ABSTRACT

Objective:The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between experiencing household dysfunction and substance abuse in adulthood among Jamaican university students.

Accepted: 
October 27, 2014
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Psychoactive Substance Use among Medical/Health Faculty Undergraduate Students

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimjopen.2014.268
Pages: 
11–4
Synopsis: 
Preliminary results indicate that approximately one-third of medical students reported a past prevalence of psychoactive substance use and half reported their first use when they were 15–19 years old.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study sought to explore the drug use practices of undergraduate students within the Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica.

Accepted: 
October 27, 2014
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Journal Sections: 

Current Trends in Adolescent Substance Use in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimjopen.2014.262
Pages: 
15–8
Synopsis: 
Alcohol is still the substance most widely used by Jamaican adolescents, followed by tobacco and marijuana. While the average age of initiation has slightly increased for all substances, the prevalence still remains high.

ABSTRACT

Objective: National secondary school-based drug surveys facilitate the identification and understanding of patterns of substance use among adolescents, associated risk and protective factors which exist and inform prevention and treatment interventions and policies which are appropriate for resource constrained settings. This paper analyses current trends as well as reviews trends from the last National School Survey conducted by the National Council on Drug Abuse in 2006.

Accepted: 
October 27, 2014
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Journal Sections: 

Gender Differences in Psychosocial Risk and Protective Factors for Adolescent Alcohol Use and Misuse in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimjopen.2014.264
Pages: 
19–22
Synopsis: 
Gender differences in risk and protective factors exist among Jamaican adolescents. Further research needs to be done to determine the extent of these differences, which need to be considered in the development of more effective prevention and intervention programmes.
ABSTRACT
 
Objective: The present study sought to determine if there were gender differences in the impact of five psychosocial risk and protective factors for adolescent alcohol use. The five factors considered by the study were family relationships, self-esteem, peer pressure, religious involvement and school performance.
Accepted: 
October 27, 2014
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Journal Sections: 

Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics of Persons Presenting with Deliberate Self-harm to the Accident and Emergency Department of the University Hospital of the West Indies

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimjopen.2014.269
Pages: 
28–32
Synopsis: 
Most of the patients who presented with deliberate self-harm were females (64%), single (82%) and unemployed (72%). Overdose of medication was the main method of harm. There was a significant association between reason for self-harm and psychiatric illness.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The primary objective of this study was to determine the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of all persons who presented to the Accident and Emergency Department of the University Hospital of the West Indies with a history of deliberate harm over a six-month period.

Accepted: 
October 27, 2014
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Journal Sections: 

The Prevalence of Depression among Medical Inpatients at the University Hospital of the West Indies, Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimjopen.2014.267
Pages: 
33–5
Synopsis: 
There is a high prevalence of depression among patients with chronic illnesses admitted to the medical wards of the University Hospital of the West Indies. Greater attention should be directed to psychiatric evaluations in the care and treatment of these patients.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The present research sought to determine the prevalence of depression and depressive symptoms among patients with chronic illness admitted to the medical ward at the University Hospital of the West Indies and the association between depression and sociodemographic characteristics among these patients.

Accepted: 
October 27, 2014
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Journal Sections: 
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