Most of the patients who presented with deliberate self-harm were females (64%), single (82%) and unemployed (72%). Overdose of medication was the main method of harm. There was a significant association between reason for self-harm and psychiatric illness.
Objective: The primary objective of this study was to determine the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of all persons who presented to the Accident and Emergency Department of the University Hospital of the West Indies with a history of deliberate harm over a six-month period.
Alcohol is still the substance most widely used by Jamaican adolescents, followed by tobacco and marijuana. While the average age of initiation has slightly increased for all substances, the prevalence still remains high.
Objective: National secondary school-based drug surveys facilitate the identification and understanding of patterns of substance use among adolescents, associated risk and protective factors which exist and inform prevention and treatment interventions and policies which are appropriate for resource constrained settings. This paper analyses current trends as well as reviews trends from the last National School Survey conducted by the National Council on Drug Abuse in 2006.
There is a high prevalence of depression among patients with chronic illnesses admitted to the medical wards of the University Hospital of the West Indies. Greater attention should be directed to psychiatric evaluations in the care and treatment of these patients.
Objectives: The present research sought to determine the prevalence of depression and depressive symptoms among patients with chronic illness admitted to the medical ward at the University Hospital of the West Indies and the association between depression and sociodemographic characteristics among these patients.
Approximately 18% of males in the Jamaican prison population have a mental illness, with substance abuse being the most frequently diagnosed.
Background: The present study sought to determine the prevalence of substance abuse, mental illness, sociodemographics and clinical characteristics of mentally ill offenders. These data were compared to data from the prison population in the United Kingdom.
Gender differences in risk and protective factors exist among Jamaican adolescents. Further research needs to be done to determine the extent of these differences, which need to be considered in the development of more effective prevention and intervention programmes.
Objective: The present study sought to determine if there were gender differences in the impact of five psychosocial risk and protective factors for adolescent alcohol use. The five factors considered by the study were family relationships, self-esteem, peer pressure, religious involvement and school performance.
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) use became more prominent during the 1990s in various parts of the developed world. To date, no case of GHB use has been identified in Jamaica, though this drug is frequently used in other parts of the world at “raves” and other parties characterized by elaborate lights and fast-paced music. Here, a case of a 30-year old visitor to Jamaica is presented, highlighting the typical features of GHB withdrawal and the ease with which this party drug can be imported into the country.