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WD Abel

A Case Report of Conversion Disorder Secondary to an Unresolved Childhood History of Sexual Abuse

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimjopen.2014.261
Pages: 
46–8

ABSTRACT

Conversion symptoms can develop in adults with a childhood history of chronic sexual abuse. Allowing the patient to reconstruct the trauma narrative can result in a diminution of symptoms. 

Accepted: 
October 27, 2014
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Psychoactive Substance Use among Medical/Health Faculty Undergraduate Students

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimjopen.2014.268
Pages: 
11–4
Synopsis: 
Preliminary results indicate that approximately one-third of medical students reported a past prevalence of psychoactive substance use and half reported their first use when they were 15–19 years old.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study sought to explore the drug use practices of undergraduate students within the Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica.

Accepted: 
October 27, 2014
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Current Trends in Adolescent Substance Use in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimjopen.2014.262
Pages: 
15–8
Synopsis: 
Alcohol is still the substance most widely used by Jamaican adolescents, followed by tobacco and marijuana. While the average age of initiation has slightly increased for all substances, the prevalence still remains high.

ABSTRACT

Objective: National secondary school-based drug surveys facilitate the identification and understanding of patterns of substance use among adolescents, associated risk and protective factors which exist and inform prevention and treatment interventions and policies which are appropriate for resource constrained settings. This paper analyses current trends as well as reviews trends from the last National School Survey conducted by the National Council on Drug Abuse in 2006.

Accepted: 
October 27, 2014
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Gender Differences in Psychosocial Risk and Protective Factors for Adolescent Alcohol Use and Misuse in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimjopen.2014.264
Pages: 
19–22
Synopsis: 
Gender differences in risk and protective factors exist among Jamaican adolescents. Further research needs to be done to determine the extent of these differences, which need to be considered in the development of more effective prevention and intervention programmes.
ABSTRACT
 
Objective: The present study sought to determine if there were gender differences in the impact of five psychosocial risk and protective factors for adolescent alcohol use. The five factors considered by the study were family relationships, self-esteem, peer pressure, religious involvement and school performance.
Accepted: 
October 27, 2014
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Journal Sections: 

The Impact of Cannabis Use on the Dosage of Antipsychotic Drugs in Patients Admitted on the Psychiatric Ward at the University Hospital of the West Indies

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wijmopen.2014.259
Pages: 
23–7
Synopsis: 
Male cannabis users presenting with psychotic disorders may not achieve optimal therapeutic benefit within seven days of chlorpromazine equivalent doses ≤ 300 mg.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the impact of cannabis use on the efficacy of antipsychotic drugs in male subjects presenting to the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) with psychotic episodes.

Accepted: 
October 27, 2014
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Journal Sections: 

Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics of Persons Presenting with Deliberate Self-harm to the Accident and Emergency Department of the University Hospital of the West Indies

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimjopen.2014.269
Pages: 
28–32
Synopsis: 
Most of the patients who presented with deliberate self-harm were females (64%), single (82%) and unemployed (72%). Overdose of medication was the main method of harm. There was a significant association between reason for self-harm and psychiatric illness.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The primary objective of this study was to determine the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of all persons who presented to the Accident and Emergency Department of the University Hospital of the West Indies with a history of deliberate harm over a six-month period.

Accepted: 
October 27, 2014
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The Prevalence of Depression among Medical Inpatients at the University Hospital of the West Indies, Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimjopen.2014.267
Pages: 
33–5
Synopsis: 
There is a high prevalence of depression among patients with chronic illnesses admitted to the medical wards of the University Hospital of the West Indies. Greater attention should be directed to psychiatric evaluations in the care and treatment of these patients.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The present research sought to determine the prevalence of depression and depressive symptoms among patients with chronic illness admitted to the medical ward at the University Hospital of the West Indies and the association between depression and sociodemographic characteristics among these patients.

Accepted: 
October 27, 2014
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A Comparison of Substance Abuse and Mental Illness in Male Offenders in Jamaica and England and Wales

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimjopen.2014.258
Pages: 
36–40
Synopsis: 
Approximately 18% of males in the Jamaican prison population have a mental illness, with substance abuse being the most frequently diagnosed.

ABSTRACT

Background: The present study sought to determine the prevalence of substance abuse, mental illness, sociodemographics and clinical characteristics of mentally ill offenders. These data were compared to data from the prison population in the United Kingdom.

Accepted: 
October 27, 2014
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Gamma-hydroxybutyrate Withdrawal in Jamaica – A Case Report

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimjopen.2014.263
Pages: 
49–51

ABSTRACT

Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) use became more prominent during the 1990s in various parts of the developed world. To date, no case of GHB use has been identified in Jamaica, though this drug is frequently used in other parts of the world at “raves” and other parties characterized by elaborate lights and fast-paced music. Here, a case of a 30-year old visitor to Jamaica is presented, highlighting the typical features of GHB withdrawal and the ease with which this party drug can be imported into the country.

Accepted: 
October 27, 2014
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Alprazolam Dependence – The Sting in the Tail: A Case Report

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimjopen.2014.271
Pages: 
52–4

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
October 27, 2014
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