Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is recommended as the second-line option for variceal bleeding in liver cirrhosis patients when the bleeding is not well controlled by medical and/or endoscopic therapy. However, due to a high incidence of post-TIPS hepatic encephalopathy, particularly in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), TIPS is rarely used in such cases. We report a case involving the successful and safe use of TIPS combined with haemoperfusion to treat an ESRD patient with liver cirrhosis-related refractory portal hypertensive variceal bleeding. Our case suggests the possibility of inserting TIPS to stop recurrent variceal bleeding in ESRD patients with liver cirrhosis. Haemoperfusion may be used to reduce the risk of post-TIPS hepatic encephalopathy.