Objective: To determine the treatment needs for dental caries and the restorative care index on permanent dentition of Nicaraguan children.
Subjects and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 1379 schoolchildren aged 6 to 12 years old were evaluated clinically to determine the decay, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index and to calculate the need for dental caries (TNI) and care indices (CI). Sociodemographic, socio-economic and behavioural data were collected using questionnaires.
Results: The mean age was 9.04 ± 1.98 years and 50.2% were female. A relatively higher percentage of TNI was observed in the following groups: younger children (78.0%), males (60.1%), children of higher birth order (69.1%), children of older mothers (56.7%), having a negative attitude toward oral health (59.9%), with preventive dental care in the past year (94.2%), less frequent tooth brushing (66.3%), with greater presence of plaque (53.9%), larger family (56.3%), higher socio-economic position [SEP; schooling] (60.9%) and lower SEP [occupation] (58.9%). In addition, we observed a higher percentage of CI amongst the following: older children (52.2%), females (49.9%), those of a lower birth order (47.7%), children of young mothers (47.2%), those with a positive attitude toward oral health (48.6%), receiving preventive/curative dental care in the past year (74.3%), most frequently brushing teeth (51.9%), less presence of plaque (50.0%), small family (45.9%), lower SEP [school] (53.5%) and higher SEP [occupation] (52.9%).
Conclusions: We show that Nicaraguan children have high treatment needs for dental caries but had little experience of restorative care.
This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.